By Kathleen Kuiper
The geographically specified American territories of California, the nice Basin, and the Southwest have lengthy sustained a number of indigenous peoples, together with the Miwok, Comanche, and Navajo, respectively. An exam of every of those tradition parts yields wealthy histories packed with steadfast traditions and non secular practices, subsistence styles dictated by means of geographic place, and social interactions inside and among tribes. This soaking up quantity surveys the historical past of many of the teams that shape those tradition components in addition to the religious, cultural, and social practices that distinguish every one tribe.
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Additional info for American Indians of California, The Great Basin and the Southwest (Native American Tribes)
All groups made baskets, and a quarry on Santa Catalina Island provided soapstone that tribal members made into such items as pots and scoops, ceremonial vessels, artistic carvings, beads, and ornaments. Trade between islanders, coastal people, and interior residents was extensive and based on a currency of clamshell beads. Each Gabrielino village had a hereditary chief. Shamanism was an important part of Gabrielino religion and healing practices. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 2,000 Gabrielino descendants.
Housing consisted of poles covered with tule (reeds) and brush. For clothing, women wore aprons front and back. Men usually went naked. Costanoan culture was radically transformed after the establishment of missions, as church-imposed tribal assignments mixed members of alien Indian groups and brought about the destruction of most of their institutions. Costanoan descendants numbered more than 4,500 in the early 21st century. –Mexican border in California and Baja California. They were named after the mission of San Diego.
Traditional Miwok society was organized into contrasting halves, or moieties, each with several lineages. The moieties controlled both kinship and politics, regulating such matters as descent, marriage, and relations with other tribes. Each moiety had chiefs and subchiefs, positions that were open to both men and women. Miwok descendants numbered more than 5,700 in the early 21st century. Mono The name Mono (Monachi) may be applied to either of two groups, originally from what is now central California, who spoke a language belonging to the Numic group of the Uto-Aztecan family and were related to the Northern Paiute.