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By Ernest J. Gaines

During this novel, a tender guy who returns to Forties Cajun kingdom to educate visits a black formative years on dying row for a criminal offense he did not devote. jointly they arrive to appreciate the heroism of resisting.

This concise complement to Ernest J. Gaines' A Lesson ahead of demise is helping scholars comprehend the final constitution of the paintings, activities and motivations of the characters, and the social and cultural views of the writer.

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Upon meeting with Jefferson, he finds him to be more calm and subdued. He also finds that, for the first time, Jefferson is willing to talk to him. Grant proceeds to tell him the news from the quarter. When he mentions that Gable’s wife, Stella, had her baby, Jefferson recalls that he had planned to go hunting with his friend Gable on the fateful night he ended up at Alcee Gropé’s liquor store with Brother and Bear. Hoping to divert Jefferson’s attention from his painful memories, Grant tells him that Inez is still giving her fairs (house parties), although she doesn’t allow any music.

Ambrose is concerned with his spiritual needs (the Bible). This chapter also draws attention to the universal conflict between faith and reason. Grant is an agnostic, not an atheist. Although not convinced that there is no God, Grant has been so battered by the harsh realities of life that he doubts God’s existence. This doubt — a direct result of his education — causes him to experience existential pain: What is the purpose of his life, and where can he best fulfill that purpose while staying true to himself and his heritage?

He recognizes the kinship between himself and Jefferson and that, despite his own education, he could well be the one behind bars. The focus of these two chapters is Jefferson’s radio, which provides the catalyst for change in numerous characters. The radio provides a wake-up call for Jefferson that reconnects him with the community by reawakening in him his love of music and reinforcing the theme (Chapter 13) of music’s role in providing spiritual sustenance and exorcising suffering. The fact that the music is not 47 spiritual here represents the perceived dichotomy between the secular and the spiritual, or faith and reason.

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