By Martin Kitchen
This attractive textbook offers a wide survey of recent German historical past from 1800-2000, and situates Germany’s fragmented prior inside its complete context. Kitchen:Provides readers a protracted view of German historical past, permitting them to see continuities and adjustments Covers the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich, the Federal Republic, the cave in of Communism, and the re-unification Examines cultural background in addition to political and monetary heritage comprises assurance of nearby historical past instead of targeting the dominant function of Prussia
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Additional info for A History Of Modern Germany 1800-2000
Prussia’s role in Germany was thus strengthened, while Austria concentrated more on the Tyrol and Italy. Bavaria was unable to find any support for its attempt to become a third force in Germany by absorbing Frankfurt and Mainz. Prussia thus emerged as the big winner, although this was not apparent at the time, since Austria’s political influence was far greater. Austria, with England’s support, had limited Russia’s influence in Europe and Prussia’s in Germany. The Federal Act of June 8 1815, signed only ten days before the battle of Waterloo, created a loose confederation of states rather than a federal state.
Resistance to reform was so strong that it was only after the collapse of Prussia in 1806, when the state was faced with a crippling economic burden, that Stein was able to sweep all objections aside. On October 9 1807, only ten days after his appointment as minister, he issued the “October Edict” that announced the abolition of serfdom in Prussia by Saint Martin’s Day (November 11) 1810. The peasants were now free subjects before the law, able to own property, marry as they wished, free to move and to practice any trade or profession.
Predictably, the idea of a nation in arms was anathema to the conservatives, but many bourgeois reformers also felt that this was going too far along the road to equality and marked a general leveling down of society to its lowest common denominator. The king had little sympathy for the romantic notion of a people’s war, and feared the reaction of the French should universal military service be put into effect. It was thus not until 1813, when Prussia was again at war, that all men of age were called up to serve the nation in arms.