By Paul E. Ceruzzi
This attractive heritage covers sleek computing from the improvement of the 1st digital electronic desktop in the course of the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the overdue Nineteen Forties from a really good clinical device to a advertisement product; the emergence of small structures within the past due Nineteen Sixties; the start of non-public computing within the Nineteen Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this version, the interval 1995-2001. the hot fabric specializes in the Microsoft antitrust swimsuit, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the appearance of open resource software program, quite Linux. in the chronological narrative, the publication strains numerous overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the impact of monetary tendencies and the chilly struggle; the long term position of IBM as a participant and as a goal for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden point to a huge personality within the tale of computing; and the routine factor of where of data and computing in a democratic society. the focal point is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at the most important points), on computing in step with se instead of on functions resembling man made intelligence, and on structures that have been offered commercially and put in in amounts.
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Extra info for A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition)
UNIVAC I am pleased that history recognizes the first to invent something, but I am more concerned with the first person to make it work. S. Census Bureau. A formal dedication ceremony was held in June at the Division’s modest factory in at 3747 Ridge Avenue in Philadelphia. 48 The event was, however, less of a milestone than it appeared. That first UNIVAC remained at the plant until late December 1952, when it was shipped to Washington. 49 And after having gone through heroic efforts to complete and debug the machine, they were apprehensive about dismantling it, moving it, and setting it up again.
The factory was cold and drafty, but ERA had little trouble finding and hiring capable engineers freshly minted from the region’s engineering schools. Among them was a 1951 graduate of the University of Minnesota, who went over to ‘‘the glider factory’’ because he heard there might be a job there. His name was Seymour R. 82 We will encounter Cray and his boss, William Norris, several times in later chapters. ERA was a private company but was also captive to the Navy, from which it had sprung. ) The Navy assigned it a number of jobs, or ‘‘tasks,’’ that ERA carried out.
59 Although the UNIVAC was superior to the SEAC in many ways, it, too, suffered from a slow output mechanism, which hampered its use for SCOOP. The UNIVAC’s UNIPRINTER was based around a standard Remington Rand electric typewriter, and it printed at a rate commensurate with such a machine, about ten characters per second, which was too slow for the data processing applications the UNIVAC was being sold for. 60 The UNIVAC installed in 1954 at Air Force’s Air Material Command at Wright-Patterson AFB in Ohio performed similar tasks.